Fieldnotes: Tiruvoṟṟiyūr

On August 27, 2019, Emmanuel Francis visited the Śaiva temple complex at Tiruvoṟṟiyūr திருவொற்றியூர் (13°09’39.60″N, 80°17’56.30″E; Figs. 1‒2), in the North of Chennai (ex-Madras). The temple-site is one of the richest in inscriptions in the region, with no less than 200 inscriptions.

Fig. 1: Tiruvoṟṟiyūr R.S. (Railway Station), on the suburban lines of Chennai; entrance to the Temple of Śiva/Īśvaraṉ/Civaṉ.

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Fieldnotes: Uttiramērūr

On August 24 & 25, 2019, Emmanuel Francis (CNRS) and Babu N. Ramaswamy (EFEO, Pondicherry) surveyed the site of Uttiramērūr உத்திரமேரூர் or Uttaramērūr உத்தரமேரூர், focussing on the Vaikuṇṭhaperumāḷ temple (12°36’55.19″N, 79°45’29.63″E; Fig. 1), which, rather than a usual temple was in fact the seat of the local assembly (sabhā) of Brahmins during the Pallava and Cōḻa periods.

Fig. 1

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Fieldnotes: Pāṇḍya Inscriptions

From August 11 to 15, 2019, Emmanuel Francis (CNRS), Valérie Gillet (EFEO, Paris) and Babu N. Ramaswamy (EFEO, Pondicherry) surveyed sites with inscriptions in the Sivaganga, Viruthunagar and Madurai districts in the State of Tamil Nadu. The principal goal was to locate, document and read inscriptions of the Early Pāṇḍyas (9th and 10th c.) pre-selected on the basis of the corpus collected and translated by K.G. Krishnan (Inscriptions of the Early Pāṇḍyas, 2002, hereafter IEP).

Fig. 1

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